Lenovo Glossary

External Components & Design

An AccuType keyboard features a modern look and feel. Its flatter keys with a slight inward slope creates a comfortable crevace for your fingertips; this design allows a more fluid, spacious and comfortable typing experience when compared to standard keyset designs.

Digitizer Pen
Provides the ability to take handwritten notes, sketch pictures or edit existing documents directly on your display.

A modern connection standard intended to replace legacy DVI and VGA connections. Similar to HDMI, DisplayPorts provide updated resolution for visual projection and increased data transfer speeds for connection to devices such as computer monitors and high-definition television sets.

EPEAT® Rating
Products rated by the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool are given a bronze, silver or gold rating dependent upon the number of environmentally friendly (i.e., green) qualifications the product meets. The EPEAT judges products on recycled content usage in construction material, product longevity, energy efficiency and other related factors.

Full HD (FHD)
Indicates 1900x1080 maximum resolution display.

GREENGUARD is an organization which recently began to assess the environmental and health impact of common PC emissions. PCs generally emit chemicals and particles when in use and GREENGUARD-certified equipment have been found to reduce these emissions drastically.

High Definition (HD) Display
High-definition displays deliver stark clarity for all visual elements emanating from your screen. Contrast, clarity and richness of video and graphical elements (i.e., images and video) are dictated by a display's resolution. Lenovo grades the level of a display's resolution via one of three standards: HD (1366 x 768), HD + (1600 x 900) and FHD (1900 x 1080).

HD +
Indicates 1600x900 maximum resolution display.

Infinity Glass
Infinity glass displays eliminate gaudy frames surrounding your actual display area by stretching the display area to the very edge of the PC’s frame. Infinity glass is a sleek alternative to standard laptop design.

Kensington® Lock Slot
Kensington Lock Slots are an integrated staple found on many Lenovo PCs and ThinkVision monitors. These slots pair with Kensington cables to allow tethering of systems and accessories to a set location, providing substantial security against theft or removal.

Port Replicator
Similar to a docking station, port replicators allow you to easily connect your PC to accessory devices such as monitors and printers without the need to manually plug in several cords.

Quad HD
Quad HD displays respresent a substantial leap in resolution power over other resolutions standards: HD, HD + and FHD. Available on select PCs, the quad HD standard emits a resolution of up to 2560 x 1440.

A term commonly used to describe the vibrancy and contrast of visual elements and text projected from both integrated displays such as those found on laptops as well as standalone monitors. Common resolution measurements include 800x600, 1024x768, 1280x1024 and 1920x1080, with the higher number set offering increased clarity and color vibrancy.

The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive restricts the use of potentially hazardous materials in the construction of electronic devices.

A server or server array is dedicated to running one or more services to a large network of computers such as an office space. Servers can maintain networks or data across a variety of platforms.

Table PC
Growing in popularity, the table PC is a unique device commonly intended for use at family/social gatherings. A Table PC essentially functions as an all-in-one PC that can be laid flat for use by multiple individuals at one time, or tilted upright and used as a standard desktop PC.

The Ultrabook designation — established by Intel® — is applied to laptops that meet certain requirements dictating weight, dimensions as well as internal hardware specifications. Essentially, Ultrabooks are laptops that are superior in slimness and lightness when compared to standard laptops, though without sacrificing performance. Ultrabooks generally feature integrated graphics solutions and solid state drives to increase performance and speed.

VGA Port
VGA is a connection standard found on many computers and peripheral devices allowing connection between two devices with compatible cable. Peripherals that commonly feature a VGA connection port include graphics cards, computer monitors and high-definition televisions.

A desktop PC featuring advanced hardware, workstations are tailored for the needs of taxing engineering and development applications.

Internal System Components

Broadcom Ethernet
Broadcom network technology is featured in several Lenovo systems. Broadcom provides advanced wired and wireless networking solutions.

Card Reader
Card readers allow input from many mobile memory storage devices such as MemoryStick and SD. Compatibility varies depending on card reader as some devices allow input from up to 25 card formats while others may accept less.

Chassis Intrusion Switch
Designed to record and notify user, upon startup, of any access to system's interior. Intrusion switch is triggered upon removal of system's external panel. The chassis instrusion switch is a common optional component of many Lenovo desktop PCs.

DDR (System Memory or RAM)
DDR technologies are available in a few varieties including DDR2, DDR3 and DDR5. With each increase in the associated number designation (e.g., 2, 3 and 5), that version of RAM will deliver increased transfer rates compared to its previous iteration.

Discrete Graphics
In a discrete graphics setup, your processor and graphics card are two separate entities dedicated to their own independent tasks. The upside to discrete graphics is increased power as one unit is not being shared to perform multiple tasks; the downside to this design is increased energy consumption. Discrete graphics are generally a better solution for demanding software such as advanced games and graphics applications.

Dual Layer
A disc format that allows data to be written to both sides of the disc, thus providing twice the storage capacity when compared to a standard DVD-R or DVD-RW.

DVD +/- RW
A DVD+/- RW drive is compatible with each of today’s standard write-capable DVD discs including DVD-R, DVD-RW, DVD+R and DVD+RW. Discs with a ‘+’ designation deliver more streamlined burn functionalities and enhanced write speeds.

Gigabit Ethernet
An advanced Ethernet connection technology that allows up to 10x faster speeds and increased bandwidth when compared to standard Ethernet specifications.

Graphics Card (Video Adapter)
A graphics card drives all PC visuals, from text to images to video. Graphics and displays are inter-dependent in that a graphics card's capabilities are limited to the resolution capabilities and refresh rates of your associated monitor or display.

Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
HDDs are the primary storage area for all of your system’s data. A drive’s GB capacity determines how much total data can be stored on the drive while a drive’s RPM speed determines how quickly the drive can access and store data.

HDMI ports allow high-resolution digital audio/video data transfer from one device to another - commonly from a PC to a television or monitor. HDMI input supports standard, enhanced, high-definition and 3-D video signals.

IEEE 1394
IEEE 1394 is a High Performance Serial Bus that can connect up to 63 devices in a tree-like daisy chain configuration, and transmit data at up to 400 megabits per second. It supports plug and play and peer-to-peer communication between peripheral devices. IEEE 1394 is also known as High Performance Serial Bus, iLink, or FireWire.

In-Plane Switching (IPS)
A technology developed to improve upon limitations of previous-generation display technology, primarily small viewing angles and low-quality color reproduction.

Integrated Graphics
Integrated graphics, unlike discrete graphics, do not contain dedicated memory, instead, they utilize PC memory. Integrated graphics chips are built directly into a system’s motherboard providing an efficient and space saving option for mobile systems.

Low-power (LP) DDR2 memory delivers efficient application speeds and also actively works to regulate battery life.

A PC's short term memory, often referred to as RAM, dictates how quickly your PC accesses programs and applications. The more RAM your system holds, the more it is able to store in its short term memory, thus allowing you to more quickly access, save and function overall.

Mobile Broadband (3G, WWAN, etc.)
A WWAN-enabled device is capable of connecting to the internet via a cellular network. Connection to a WWAN network requires a subscription plan from a cellular service provider such as AT&T, Verizon and Sprint. A 3G network is a popular network standard utilized by cellular service providers.

Multi Recorder
DVD multi recorder optical devices are read/write capable with the following disc formats: DVD, DVD-R and DVD-RW. These drives also support DVDs featuring the ‘+’ designator (e.g., DVD+RW).

Network Card
Base network cards commonly allow connection to standard WiFi signals or hotspots while some models allow 3G or other mobile broadband connection via a mobile broadband provider.

Optical Drive
An optical drive is a disc interface tool found on many computers. These drives allow read/write access to common data storage discs including CDs, DVDs and Blu-ray Discs™. Optical drives can access information from these disc types, allowing you to open programs or access information directly from the disc or copy that information to your computer. Optical discs also allow the playback of video and audio stored on such discs.

PCI Express
PCI Express architecture is an industry standard, high-performance, general purpose serial I/O interconnect designed for use in enterprise, desktop, mobile, communications and embedded platforms. PCI Express supports strong system performance, high FSB speed, fast memory (533MHz DDR2), high-performance graphics, and a fast expansion card solution (Express Card).

RAID Storage
Known both as Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks and more recently as Redundant Array of Independent Disks, RAID storage arrays share stored data across multiple disk drives, increasing the speed, security and reliability of your data and drives. Raid arrays are common options in servers and workstations.

A high capacity memory card format which provides up to 2TB of data storage and increased transfer rates over previous generation SD formats (i.e., SD and SDHC). All previous generation SD card types are compatible with SDXC card readers.

Solid State Hybrid Drive (SSHD)
While not the same as a solid state drive which features no moving parts, SSHDs incorporate NAND flash memory into a standard, mechanical hard drive. The NAND flash memory is intended to server as a performance booster for commonly accessed programs and data.

Serial ATA (SATA)
A high-speed connection interface commonly used to connect mass storage devices and optical drives.

Solid State Drive (SSD)
SSDs are an advanced variation of the standard hard disk drive. SSDs use microchips rather than moving mechanical parts, thus reducing the risk of a hardware breakdown. SSDs also read/write data significantly faster than a standard HDD and consume 1/2 to 1/3 less power.

Switchable Graphics
Allows users to manually adjust the processing power of their graphics card to conserve battery life; a great solution when not performing tasks that require full graphics output.

Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
A communication technology which allows voice communication between multiple parties over a network connection.

A mobile broadband specification allowing connection to 4G wireless networks.